MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS


MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS
   daughter of James V. and Mary of Lorraine, born at Linlithgow, became by her father's death queen ere she was a week old; her early childhood was spent on an island in the Lake of Menteith; she was sent to France in 1548, brought up at court with the royal princes, and married to the dauphin in 1558, who for a year, 1559-60, was King Francis II.; on his death she had to leave France; she returned to assume the government in Scotland, now in the throes of the Reformation; refraining from interference with the Protestant movement she retained her own Catholic faith, but chose Protestant advisers; out of many proposed alliances she elected, against all advice, to be married to her cousin Darnley 1565, and easily quelled the insurrection that broke out under Moray; Darnley, granted the title king, tried to force her to settle the succession in the event of her dying childless on him and his heirs; deeming her favourite Rizzio to stand in the way, he plotted with the Protestant Lords to have him murdered, and Mary was reduced to agree to his demands; the murder was done; the queen was for a time a prisoner in Holyrood, but she succeeded in detaching Darnley, and the scheme fell through; her only son, afterwards James VI., was born three months later in 1566; the murder of Darnley took place in February 1567, being accomplished by Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell, almost certainly with Mary's connivance; her marriage with Bothwell in May alienated the nobles; they rose, took the queen prisoner at Carberry, carried her to Edinburgh, then to Loch Leven, where they forced her to abdicate in July; next year, escaping, she fled to England, and was there for many years a prisoner; Catholic plots were formed to liberate her and put her in place of Elizabeth on the English throne (she was next in order of succession, being great-granddaughter of Henry VII.); at last she was accused of complicity in Babbington's conspiracy, tried, found guilty, and executed in Fotheringhay Castle, February 8, 1587; faithful to her religion to the end; she was a woman of great beauty and charm, courage and ability, warm affection and generous temper (1542-1587).

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mary Queen of Scots — • Mary Stuart, born at Linlithgow, 8 December, 1542; died at Fotheringay, 8 February, 1587. She was the only legitimate child of James V of Scotland Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Mary Queen of Scots     Mary Queen o …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Mary, Queen of Scots — (Mary Stuart) 1542 87, queen of Scotland 1542 67; beheaded for plotting to assassinate her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I. * * * Mary, Queen of Scots [Mary, Queen of Scots] (Mary Stuart 1542–87) the queen of Scotland from 1542 to 1567. She was the… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Mary Queen of Scots — also Mary Stuart (1542 87) the daughter of the Scottish King James V. She became Queen of Scotland when she was one week old, but in 1568 she was forced to give up her position, and she escaped to England. Instead of helping her, the English… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Mary, Queen of Scots — (Mary Stuart) 1542 87; queen of Scotland (1542 67): beheaded …   English World dictionary

  • Mary, Queen of Scots — For other uses, see Mary, Queen of Scots (disambiguation). Mary Stuart Portrait of Mary, Queen of Scots after François Clouet Queen of Scots …   Wikipedia

  • Mary, Queen of Scots — Dieser Artikel behandelt den Film Maria Stuart, Königin von Schottland. Für den Artikel zur historischen Figur siehe Maria Stuart. Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: Maria Stuart, Königin von Schottland Originaltitel: Mary, Queen of Scots Produktionsland …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mary, Queen of Scots — Mar′y, Queen′ of Scots′ n. big (Mary Stuart) 1542–87, queen of Scotland 1542–67 …   From formal English to slang

  • Mary, Queen of Scots — (Mary Stuart) 1542 87, queen of Scotland 1542 67; beheaded for plotting to assassinate her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I. * * * orig. Mary Stuart born Dec. 8, 1542, Linlithgow Palace, West Lothian, Scot. died Feb. 8, 1587, Fotheringhay Castle,… …   Universalium

  • Mary Queen of Scots — Mary Stuart …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Mary Queen of Scots — noun queen of Scotland from 1542 to 1567; as a Catholic she was forced to abdicate in favor of her son and fled to England where she was imprisoned by Elizabeth I; when Catholic supporters plotted to put her on the English throne she was tried… …   Useful english dictionary


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